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Burbridge, P.R.. A Critical Review of Progress towards Integrated Coastal Management in the Baltic Sea Region. In: Schernewski, G., Löser, N. (eds.). BaltCoast 2004 - Managing the Baltic Sea. Coastline Reports (2), pp. 63-75. 2004.


This paper presents a review of the development of Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) processes in the Baltic region. Excellent “State of the Art” reports on ICZM have been prepared that catalogue specific ICZM activities in individual Baltic States. However, these reports do not utilise a well established methodology for analysing the outcomes of the ICZM activities or assess the progress that may have been made towards a robust and sustainable ICZM process. Available methodologies and indicators that might be used for these purposes are reviewed and the conclusion is drawn that we do not have a competent methodology or appropriate indicators. The author assesses progress towards ICZM in the Baltic based on what has been achieved in respect to well-established elements of good practice, effective management responses and potential outcomes. The conclusion is drawn that substantive progress has been achieved. The challenge we face is to capitalise of this progress by determining what further technical, financial, or other forms of support would help strengthen ICZM and achieve sustainable improvements in the environmental conditions in the Baltic ecosystem and the social and economic welfare of the Baltic States.

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