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Edler, J., Streufert, U.. The Baltic Seas Environmental Protection Law and ICZM. In: Schernewski, G., Glaeser, B., Scheibe, R., Sekścińska, A., Thamm, R. (eds.). Coastal Development: The Oder estuary and beyond. Coastline Reports (8), pp. 99-109. EUCC - The Coastal Union, Leiden, 2007.


The first part of this article will give a review of the Legal Regime of Marine Environmental Protection Law focussing on the Baltic Sea. The Legal Regime can be divided into International Law, European Law and National Law. International marine environmental law consists of a wide network of multilateral treaties, international co-operations and institutions. The most important centrepiece is the almost worldwide applicable United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS). The OSPAR-Convention, which focuses on the pollution of the Northeast Atlantic is of great importance for the North Sea and the Baltic Sea, while the Helsinki-Convention solely deals with the Baltic Sea region. The European Community (EC) is a member of numerous global and regional international treaties, but has also the power to enact Directives and Regulations in the field of marine environmental protection. In Germany, as an EU member state, marine environmental protection is provided by the secondary law and the implementations of EC Directives. Furthermore, Germany is member of several international organisations and institutions that deal with issues of the protection of marine environment. After giving this general information the last part of the article focuses on Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in the legal framework.

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